Monitor open ports using PHP (snippet)

How can you really know if a port is open or closed? Most of the scripts around the web fail doing it’s job, not because they are wrong but because they are not doing their job as they should.

Am I on drugs? No, not now 😉 basicly, what all scripts do is:

[root@local]# telnet yourhost port

That will tell you if yourhost is open on that port but sometimes it will just hang there, why? there are many reasons why a server or service could hang (I’m not covering that part … at least not for free :P), but the only thing you really need to know is, IT HAPPENS… when? how? why? it will.

So, if you are in the middle of coding some script that let’s you monitor your servers / services without worrying about that “small particular issue”, you are in the right place, check out the code:

function check_port($ip="",$port="",$request="",$replies="") {
  if (!$ip || !$port) {
    echo "No ip/port to check";
	if (!($fp = @fsockopen($ip,$port,$junk,$junk,10)) {
	  echo "Connection DOWN!";
	if (!$request && !$replies) {
	  echo "Connection UP! (open socket)";
	if ($request) {
	do {
		$response .= fgets($fp);
	} while (!feof($fp));
	$response = preg_replace("/\n|\r/","",$response);
	$result = false;
	$error = $response;
	$array_replies = explode(",",$replies);
	if (is_array($array_replies)) {
	  foreach ($array_replies as $v) {
		  if (!$v) continue;
			if (preg_match("/$v/i",$response)) {
			  $result = true;
	if ($result) {
	  echo "Connection UP!";
	echo "Connection error: $response");

That’s a mess! Yes I know, it is dirty and uggly but it works. That function takes 4 arguments, $ip (server’s IP), $port (server’s port), $request and $replies (you can use comma delimited here in case you need to receive one or more answers).

How it works? Well copy that piece of code to any php file and call it this way:

// This first example will tell us if is up ;)
// it sends the request "HEAD / HTTP/1.0" to the IP on the port 80
// and expects 2 answers: "200" or "OK"
check_port("",80,"HEAD / HTTP/1.0","200,OK");
// it sends the request "HEAD / HTTP/1.0" to the IP on the port 80
// and expects 2 answers: "200" or "OK"

// another example?
// this one will check port 110 (pop3) on that IP, it won't send a request but
// it will sit till gets a "\+OK"

Remember, all requests and replies depends on the server’s side, be aware of that 😉

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